The mandate of the Ontario College of Social Workers and Social Service Workers is to protect the public interest. As regulated professionals, College members are required to maintain professional boundaries at all times. Sexual contact between College members and clients erodes the public’s trust in the profession and is strictly forbidden.

It does not matter if a client expressed consent or “agreed” to sexual contact. Any form of sexual abuse between a client and College member is an extremely serious form of professional misconduct that can result in penalties up to and including the loss of registration with the College.


Frequently Asked Questions


What is sexual abuse?

The term “sexual abuse” in the context of a College member and a client has a specific legal meaning under the College’s governing legislation. Sexual abuse of a client includes:

  • Sexual intercourse or other forms of physical sexual relations between a College member and a client.
  • Touching a client in a sexual manner (e.g., touching a client’s breasts or genitals).
  • Behaviour of a sexual nature towards a client (e.g., touching a client’s hand unnecessarily and in a manner that implies a sexual interest in the client or displaying sexualized materials in an office for no clinical purpose).
  • Remarks of a sexual nature towards a client (e.g., commenting on the size of a client’s breasts or genitals).

What are boundaries?

Boundaries define the set of roles and expectations for the College member and their client. The relationship between a College member and a client is a professional one that is centred around the client receiving care from the College member. This is known as a therapeutic relationship.

Boundary violations occur when there is a failure to keep the relationship between a College member and a client within set roles and expectations, which can lead to the relationship becoming increasingly less professional (or less therapeutic in nature) and more personal and intimate. Sexual abuse of clients is one of the most serious and harmful forms of boundary violation.


I think I have been sexually abused by a College member. What can I do?

There are a number of steps you can take if you, or someone you know, has been sexually abused:

  • Request that the abuse stop immediately.
  • If the College member works at an agency/facility, report the abuse to a manager or other person in authority.
  • Report the abuse to the College.

How do I make a report to the College?

The first step is to check the College’s Online Register to confirm that the individual is a College member. If they are, you may contact the College at 416-972-9882 ext. 223 /Toll-Free: 1-877-828-9380 ext. 223 or investigations@ocswssw.org or fill out a complaint form.

College staff will listen to your concerns and explain the College’s investigations process and available resources. You do not have to give your name to staff at this time if you are not comfortable doing so. However, should a College investigation be initiated, your name will be required so that the College member in question can respond to the investigation.

Please note that, in some instances, a College investigation may still be initiated even if you choose not to participate in the investigation process.


Why should I report this information to the College?

Every person who reports sexual abuse to the College has their own reasons for doing so. Some individuals, such as other social workers and social service workers, are required to report abuse. Some clients who have experienced sexual abuse are immediately clear about their decision to report their experience to the College; others find the decision very difficult. The College recognizes and respects each person’s choice.

Most reports of sexual abuse come from clients themselves. This is important because the College depends on clients to let us know when they have serious concerns about the behaviour of a social worker or social service worker. This in turn helps the College protect the public interest.

Incidents of sexual abuse rarely happen in isolation. By reporting your experience to the College, you may help others. Also, some clients who have reported to the College feel that their participation in the process has assisted them in coming to terms with their experience and seeking closure.


What will the College do with the information I report?

All information provided to the College is carefully reviewed. Each investigation is assigned to an investigator who is experienced in conducting sensitive investigations. They will explain the investigation process to you, answer any questions you might have, and keep you updated on the status of the investigation. The investigator will often interview you and other witnesses, as well as gather relevant documents.

Once the investigation is complete, the investigation will be reviewed by either the College’s Complaints Committee or Executive Committee and that committee will make a decision. One of the decisions the committee can make is to refer the matter to the College’s Discipline Committee to hold a disciplinary hearing, which is similar to a court proceeding. You may be asked to testify at the hearing. If that is the case, College staff will review this with you and answer any questions you might have.


Is this process confidential?

Yes, with a few exceptions. In order for the College to initiate an investigation into your concerns, you must provide your name and contact information. The social worker or social service worker you reported will be sent a copy of your report, which includes your name, so that they might respond to the investigation.


What happens if my concerns are referred to the Discipline Committee?

For more information about the College’s discipline process, please refer to our general Discipline Information page and our Testifying at a Discipline Hearing: A Guide for Witnesses.


What support is available to me?

We understand that the decision to file a report of sexual abuse with the College may be complicated, personal and perhaps intimidating. This is why we offer a Support Person Program — to assist individuals who have experienced sexual abuse by a social worker or social service worker. The Support Person Program is provided by a regulated health professional with expertise in sexual abuse matters and College processes. For more information about the program, please click here.